Malabar Beach (NSW 328) is located in Long Bay, a 1.3 km deep southeast-facing bay that narrows from 800 m wide at its entrance between Boota Point and Tupia Head, to the curving 200 m long beach at its base. Sandstone rocks, platforms and cliffs extend along either side of the bay, with the Malabar Sewerage Treatment Works located on the northern side, and the suburb of Malabar on the southern side. The beach receives lowered waves averaging less than 1 m, which surge up a steep reflective beach face, with deeper water off the beach (Fig. 4.248). The beach is about 50 m wide and backed by a grassy reserve, with a car park and street parking along the southern side. The beach was off limits to swimmers between 1949 and 2000, when sewer pollution from the nearby Malabar sewer outfall caused its closure. A surf club patrolled the beach between 1924 and 1949 and today is replaced by a lifeguard tower. A rock platforms extends southeast of the beach, with a boat ramp is located 150 m southeast of the beach and a rock pool 450 m to the southeast, with a car park above the pool. The Randwick golf course occupies the remainder of Tupia Head.
Duranbah Beach (NSW 1, also called Flagstaff Beach) is the most northern beach in NSW. The 500 m long beach faces east and is located between the northern 400 m long entrance wall of the Tweed River mouth (Figure 4.3) and the 30 m high black basalt slopes of Point Danger, which marks the Queensland-NSW border. Prior to the commencement of construction of the initial northern Tweed River training wall in 1900, the beach was part of an unstable sandy river entrance. The wall has defined and stablised the beach, which is now backed by a low fenced grassy foredune and backing car park and a road running the length of the beach to the old quarry site below Point Danger. The northern section of road is protected by a seawall, fronted by basalt boulders towards the point.The beach is composed of fine sand and exposed to waves averaging 1.5 m, which combine to produce a low gradient beach up to 100 m wide, with an attached bar, usually cut by rips against the rocks at either end and a more mobile central rip. In addition the Tweed River flows seaward of the entrance walls and produces an extensive entrance bar and river channel.
Coogee Beach (WA 825) commences on the northern side of the seawall and gently curves to the north for 3.7 km. It is patrolled by the Coogee Beach Surf Life Saving Club and forms the northern shoreline of the foreland and at its northern point reconnects with the inner calcarenite of the old Pleistocene shoreline called James Rocks.The southern part of the beach is within the regional park, with the Jervoise Bay Sailing Club located at the very southern end. It is then backed by a vegetated reserve and the old Quarantine station. The reserve continues to a small jetty backed by a recreational area with all facilities, a camping area and the old munitions depot, and finally the Coogee Beach Resort and a northern recreational jetty, with a terminal groyne just south of James Rocks.From James Rocks the shoreline trends north for 5.5 km to the southern training wall of Fremantle Harbour. In between is a once continuous sandy shore that has been heavily modified by structures and development when the area was backed by industry. Since the 1990’s its backshore has undergone a transformation from a power station, railway yards and meat works, to in part, the Catherine Point Reserve, the South Beach Recreational Reserve and a large fishing and small boat harbour to the north.All the beaches (WA 826-832) face west and are partly sheltered by a string of reefs, including Carnac Island, that extend north of Garden Island. The reefs lies 5-6 km offshore and lower ocean waves to less that 1 m at the shore.